Effects of supplementation with omega 3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on retinal and cortical development in premature infants.

@article{Hoffman1993EffectsOS,
  title={Effects of supplementation with omega 3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on retinal and cortical development in premature infants.},
  author={Dennis R. Hoffman and Eileen E. Birch and David G. Birch and Ricardo D. Uauy},
  journal={The American journal of clinical nutrition},
  year={1993},
  volume={57 5 Suppl},
  pages={807S-812S}
}
Deficiency of omega 3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) in vertebrates produces subtle adverse effects on visual and neural function. Preterm infants 1) are deprived of vital intrauterine fat accretion during late pregnancy, 2) must rely solely on formula for fatty acid supplies if not breastfed, and 3) may have limited postnatal desaturase activity. In a study to evaluate the necessity of dietary omega 3 LCPUFAs, preterm infants were fed human milk, corn-oil-based formula (omega… CONTINUE READING

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