Effects of state-level policy changes on homicide and nonfatal shootings of law enforcement officers

  title={Effects of state-level policy changes on homicide and nonfatal shootings of law enforcement officers},
  author={Cassandra Kercher Crifasi and Keshia M. Pollack and Daniel W. Webster},
  journal={Injury Prevention},
  pages={274 - 278}
Objective To evaluate the impact of state-level policy changes on assaults on law enforcement officers (LEOs) in the USA. Methods Pooled time series and cross-sections with negative binomial regression were used to estimate the impact of state-level changes of right-to-carry (RTC), three-strikes and permit-to-purchase (PTP) handgun laws on fatal and non-fatal assaults of LEOs. LEO assaults were stratified by weapon type (all methods, handgun and non-handgun) and whether or not the assault was… Expand
The Initial Impact of Maryland’s Firearm Safety Act of 2013 on the Supply of Crime Handguns in Baltimore
This study assesses the impact of Maryland’s Firearm Safety Act (FSA) of 2013 on indicators of diversion of handguns to prohibited persons. Interrupted time-series analyses were conducted, and theExpand
Policies to Prevent Illegal Acquisition of Firearms: Impacts on Diversions of Guns for Criminal Use, Violence, and Suicide
Purpose of ReviewFirearm-related deaths are a significant source of mortality in the USA. More than 30,000 individuals die annually from firearm-related injuries, including homicide and suicide, inExpand
Changes in the legal environment and enforcement of firearm transfer laws in Pennsylvania and Maryland
The findings suggest enforcement of comprehensive background check and straw purchase laws for firearm sales is likely influenced by the penalties associated with violating these laws and the interpretation of the language of the laws. Expand
Comprehensive background check policy and firearm background checks in three US states
The enactment of CBC policies was associated with an overall increase in firearm background checks only in Delaware, and data external to the study suggest that Washington experienced a modest, but consistent, increase in background checks for private party sales, and Colorado experienced a similar increase in checks for sales not at gun shows. Expand
Firearm-Related Laws in All 50 US States, 1991-2016
A new database containing detailed annual information on firearm-related laws in place in each of the 50 US states from 1991 to 2016 and to summarize key trends in firearm- related laws during this time period can help advance firearm policy research by providing 26 years of comprehensive policy data. Expand
Background Checks For Firearm Purchases: Problem Areas And Recommendations To Improve Effectiveness.
Nine problem areas are reviewed and actions that could substantially improve the effectiveness of background check policies in preventing firearm-related violence are suggested. Expand
Public Support for Gun Violence Prevention Policies Among Gun Owners and Non-Gun Owners in 2017
Objectives To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017. Methods We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an onlineExpand
The Science of Gun Policy: A Critical Synthesis of Research Evidence on the Effects of Gun Policies in the United States.
: The RAND Corporation's Gun Policy in America initiative is a unique attempt to systematically and transparently assess available scientific evidence on the real effects of firearm laws andExpand
Using the synthetic control method to determine the effects of concealed carry laws on state-level murder rates
  • M. Gius
  • Economics
  • International Review of Law and Economics
  • 2019
Abstract The purpose of the present study is to determine the relationship between concealed carry (CCW) laws and state-level murder rates. Specifically, this study will examine the impact of aExpand
Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma firearm injury prevention statement
  • Medicine
  • Trauma Surgery & Acute Care Open
  • 2019
The Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma (EAST), an organization of providers who care for the patient with injuries, and specifically victims of firearm injury, is committed to the health and safety of their patients and their communities. Expand


Effects of the Repeal of Missouri’s Handgun Purchaser Licensing Law on Homicides
The impact of Missouri’s 2007 repeal of its permit-to-purchase (PTP) handgun law on states’ homicide rates is estimated and controls for changes in poverty, unemployment, crime, incarceration, policing levels, and other policies that could potentially affect homicides. Expand
The Impact of Gun Laws on Police Deaths*
  • David B. Mustard
  • Political Science, Materials Science
  • The Journal of Law and Economics
  • 2001
This paper uses state‐level data from 1984–96 to examine how right‐to‐carry laws and waiting periods affect the felonious deaths of police. Some people oppose concealed weapons carry laws becauseExpand
Eleven years of occupational mortality in law enforcement: The census of fatal occupational injuries, 1992-2002.
Transportation-related deaths were nearly as common as homicides as a cause of occupational injury death among US LEOs between 1992 and 2002, and this research points to opportunities for the prevention of transportation- related deaths in law enforcement. Expand
Fatal occupational injuries among U.S. law enforcement officers: a comparison of national surveillance systems.
This study fills a critical knowledge gap by providing an overview of the three surveillance systems used to enumerate LEO occupational deaths and found that the LEOKA under-counted the number of fatalities compared to the NLEOMF and CFOI. Expand
A Cautionary Note on Using County-Level Crime and Homicide Data
There has beena surge in recentyears in the useof counties as the unit of analysis in homicide research. Employing county-level data, however, can create several problems. In some cases, theseExpand
The impact of agency context, policies, and practices on violence against police
This study examined agency-level factors that impact the level of violence against police. The independent variables represented both agency context (e.g., violent crime rate, populationExpand
Firearm legislation and firearm-related fatalities in the United States.
A higher number of firearm laws in a state are associated with a lower rate of firearm fatalities in the state, overall and for suicides and homicides individually, as well as an ecological and cross-sectional method. Expand
The Impact of Right-to-Carry Laws on Crime: An Exercise in Replication
In an article published in 2011, Aneja, Donohue and Zhang found that shall-issue or right-to-carry (RTC) concealed weapons laws have no effect on any crime except for a positive effect on assault.Expand
“Striking out” as crime reduction policy: The impact of “three strikes” laws on crime rates in U.S. cities
During the 1990s, in response to public dissatisfaction over what were perceived as ineffective crime reduction policies, 25 states and Congress passed three strikes laws, designed to deter criminalExpand
Men who kill policemen
Abstract The present study concerns policemen in the United States who had been killed in the line of duty during the years 2013–2014. The study is limited to cases in which a policeman was killedExpand