Effects of smoking on renal function in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

@article{Orth2005EffectsOS,
  title={Effects of smoking on renal function in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus.},
  author={Stephan Reinhold Orth and T Schr{\"o}der and Eberhard Ritz and Paolo Ferrari},
  journal={Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association},
  year={2005},
  volume={20 11},
  pages={2414-9}
}
BACKGROUND Smoking increases the risk of end-stage renal failure in patients with primary renal disease. Whether and to what extent smoking affects the kidneys in diabetic patients with normal renal function and variable degrees of proteinuria has not been fully studied. METHODS We followed 185 patients with type 1 or 2 diabetes mellitus and with or without signs of overt renal disease for at least 3 years, median 5.1 (3-6.8) years. Each patient had a baseline visit and at least four follow… CONTINUE READING

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2 Excerpts

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