Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness

@article{Perrett1998EffectsOS,
  title={Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness},
  author={David Ian Perrett and K J Lee and Ian S. Penton-Voak and Duncan Rowland and S. Yoshikawa and D Michael Burt and Stephanus Peter Henzi and Duncan L. Castles and Shigeru Akamatsu},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1998},
  volume={394},
  pages={884-887}
}
Testosterone-dependent secondary sexual characteristics in males may signal immunological competence and are sexually selected for in several species,. In humans, oestrogen-dependent characteristics of the female body correlate with health and reproductive fitness and are found attractive. Enhancing the sexual dimorphism of human faces should raise attractiveness by enhancing sex-hormone-related cues to youth and fertility in females,, and to dominance and immunocompetence in males,,. Here we… 

Female condition influences preferences for sexual dimorphism in faces of male humans (Homo sapiens).

Investigating whether the covariation between condition and preferences for masculinity would generalize to 2 further measures of female attractiveness: other-rated facial attractiveness and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) found women with high (unattractive) WHR and/or relatively low other-rating facial attractiveness preferred more "feminine" male faces when choosing faces for a long-term relationship.

Multivariate Intra-Sexual Selection on Men’s Perceptions of Male Facial Morphology

Objectives Intra-sexual selection has shaped the evolution of sexually dimorphic traits in males of many primates, including humans. In men, sexual dimorphism in craniofacial shape (i.e. facial

Testosterone increases perceived dominance but not attractiveness in human males

The authors' data indicate that high testosterone faces reveal dominance, and there is no evidence of directional selection for increased (or decreased) testosterone in terms of attractiveness to the opposite sex, contrary to predictions.

The Relative Importance of Sexual Dimorphism, Fluctuating Asymmetry, and Color Cues to Health during Evaluation of Potential Partners’ Facial Photographs

Using conjoint analysis to evaluate participants’ ranking decisions, it is found that participants prioritized cues to sexual dimorphism over symmetry and color cues to health, consistent with research showing that preferences for facial masculinity and femininity in male and female faces vary according to relationship context.

The Effect of Target Sex, Sexual Dimorphism, and Facial Attractiveness on Perceptions of Target Attractiveness and Trustworthiness

The findings suggest that the attractiveness of facial stimulus may be a reason to interpret the inconsistent results from the previous studies, which focused on the effect of facial sexual dimorphism on the facial attractiveness.

Symmetry and sexual dimorphism in human faces: interrelated preferences suggest both signal quality

The view that preferences for symmetry and sexual dimorphism are related to mechanisms involved in sexual selection and mate choice rather than functionless by-products of other perceptual mechanisms is supported.

Correlated Male Preferences for Femininity in Female Faces and Voices

Novel evidence is presented for systematic variation in men's preferences for feminine women's preferences, converging evidence for concordant preferences for sexually dimorphic traits in different domains is presented, and findings of correlations between women's facial and vocal femininity are complemented.

Self-perceived attractiveness influences human female preferences for sexual dimorphism and symmetry in male faces

It is demonstrated that there is a relatively increased preference for masculinity and anIncreased preference for symmetry for women who regard themselves as attractive, which may reflect a condition–dependent mating strategy analogous to behaviours found in other species.

Female reproductive strategy predicts preferences for sexual dimorphism in male faces

Abstract The aim of the current studies was to test an assumption that variation in female preferences for sexually dimorphic male facial characteristics reflects strategic optimisation of investment
...

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