Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness

@article{Perrett1998EffectsOS,
  title={Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness},
  author={David Ian Perrett and K. J. Lee and Ian S. Penton-Voak and Duncan Rowland and S. Yoshikawa and D Michael Burt and Stephanus Peter Henzi and Duncan L. Castles and Shigeru Akamatsu},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1998},
  volume={394},
  pages={884-887}
}
Testosterone-dependent secondary sexual characteristics in males may signal immunological competence and are sexually selected for in several species,. In humans, oestrogen-dependent characteristics of the female body correlate with health and reproductive fitness and are found attractive. Enhancing the sexual dimorphism of human faces should raise attractiveness by enhancing sex-hormone-related cues to youth and fertility in females,, and to dominance and immunocompetence in males,,. Here we… Expand
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Investigating whether the covariation between condition and preferences for masculinity would generalize to 2 further measures of female attractiveness: other-rated facial attractiveness and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) found women with high (unattractive) WHR and/or relatively low other-rating facial attractiveness preferred more "feminine" male faces when choosing faces for a long-term relationship. Expand
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Evidence for intralocus sexual conflict is found, whereby alleles that increase masculinity in males have the same effect in females, and genetic influences on attractiveness were shared across the sexes, suggesting that attractive fathers tend to have attractive daughters and attractive mothers tend toHave attractive sons. Expand
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TLDR
The authors' data indicate that high testosterone faces reveal dominance, and there is no evidence of directional selection for increased (or decreased) testosterone in terms of attractiveness to the opposite sex, contrary to predictions. Expand
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TLDR
Using conjoint analysis to evaluate participants’ ranking decisions, it is found that participants prioritized cues to sexual dimorphism over symmetry and color cues to health, consistent with research showing that preferences for facial masculinity and femininity in male and female faces vary according to relationship context. Expand
The Effect of Target Sex, Sexual Dimorphism, and Facial Attractiveness on Perceptions of Target Attractiveness and Trustworthiness
TLDR
The findings suggest that the attractiveness of facial stimulus may be a reason to interpret the inconsistent results from the previous studies, which focused on the effect of facial sexual dimorphism on the facial attractiveness. Expand
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TLDR
The view that preferences for symmetry and sexual dimorphism are related to mechanisms involved in sexual selection and mate choice rather than functionless by-products of other perceptual mechanisms is supported. Expand
Correlated Male Preferences for Femininity in Female Faces and Voices
TLDR
Novel evidence is presented for systematic variation in men's preferences for feminine women's preferences, converging evidence for concordant preferences for sexually dimorphic traits in different domains is presented, and findings of correlations between women's facial and vocal femininity are complemented. Expand
Adolescents' preferences for sexual dimorphism are influenced by relative exposure to male and female faces
Exposure to a particular population of faces can increase ratings of the normality and attractiveness of similar-looking faces. Such exposure can also refine the perceived boundaries of that faceExpand
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