Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness

  title={Effects of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness},
  author={David Ian Perrett and K J Lee and Ian S. Penton-Voak and Duncan Rowland and S. Yoshikawa and D Michael Burt and Stephanus Peter Henzi and Duncan L. Castles and Shigeru Akamatsu},
Testosterone-dependent secondary sexual characteristics in males may signal immunological competence and are sexually selected for in several species,. In humans, oestrogen-dependent characteristics of the female body correlate with health and reproductive fitness and are found attractive. Enhancing the sexual dimorphism of human faces should raise attractiveness by enhancing sex-hormone-related cues to youth and fertility in females,, and to dominance and immunocompetence in males,,. Here we… 

Female condition influences preferences for sexual dimorphism in faces of male humans (Homo sapiens).

Investigating whether the covariation between condition and preferences for masculinity would generalize to 2 further measures of female attractiveness: other-rated facial attractiveness and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) found women with high (unattractive) WHR and/or relatively low other-rating facial attractiveness preferred more "feminine" male faces when choosing faces for a long-term relationship.

Multivariate Intra-Sexual Selection on Men’s Perceptions of Male Facial Morphology

Objectives Intra-sexual selection has shaped the evolution of sexually dimorphic traits in males of many primates, including humans. In men, sexual dimorphism in craniofacial shape (i.e. facial

Testosterone increases perceived dominance but not attractiveness in human males

The authors' data indicate that high testosterone faces reveal dominance, and there is no evidence of directional selection for increased (or decreased) testosterone in terms of attractiveness to the opposite sex, contrary to predictions.

The Relative Importance of Sexual Dimorphism, Fluctuating Asymmetry, and Color Cues to Health during Evaluation of Potential Partners’ Facial Photographs

Using conjoint analysis to evaluate participants’ ranking decisions, it is found that participants prioritized cues to sexual dimorphism over symmetry and color cues to health, consistent with research showing that preferences for facial masculinity and femininity in male and female faces vary according to relationship context.

The Effect of Target Sex, Sexual Dimorphism, and Facial Attractiveness on Perceptions of Target Attractiveness and Trustworthiness

The findings suggest that the attractiveness of facial stimulus may be a reason to interpret the inconsistent results from the previous studies, which focused on the effect of facial sexual dimorphism on the facial attractiveness.

Symmetry and sexual dimorphism in human faces: interrelated preferences suggest both signal quality

The view that preferences for symmetry and sexual dimorphism are related to mechanisms involved in sexual selection and mate choice rather than functionless by-products of other perceptual mechanisms is supported.

Correlated Male Preferences for Femininity in Female Faces and Voices

Novel evidence is presented for systematic variation in men's preferences for feminine women's preferences, converging evidence for concordant preferences for sexually dimorphic traits in different domains is presented, and findings of correlations between women's facial and vocal femininity are complemented.

Self-perceived attractiveness influences human female preferences for sexual dimorphism and symmetry in male faces

It is demonstrated that there is a relatively increased preference for masculinity and anIncreased preference for symmetry for women who regard themselves as attractive, which may reflect a condition–dependent mating strategy analogous to behaviours found in other species.

Female reproductive strategy predicts preferences for sexual dimorphism in male faces

Abstract The aim of the current studies was to test an assumption that variation in female preferences for sexually dimorphic male facial characteristics reflects strategic optimisation of investment



Human (Homo sapiens) facial attractiveness and sexual selection: the role of symmetry and averageness.

This is the first study to show that facial symmetry has a positive influence on facial attractiveness ratings, with the exception of the hypothesized effects of averageness of female and male faces on attractiveness ratings.

Measuring the physical in physical attractiveness: quasi-experiments on the sociobiology of female facial beauty

Two quasi-experiments investigated the relation between specific adult female facial features and the attraction, attribution, and altruistic responses of adult males. Precise measurements were

What do women want? Facialmetric assessment of multiple motives in the perception of male facial physical attractiveness.

Three quasi-experiments demonstrated that men who possessed the neotenous features of large eyes, the mature features of prominent cheekbones and a large chin, the expressive feature of a big smile, and high-status clothing were seen as more attractive than other men.

Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures

  • D. Buss
  • Psychology
    Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 1989
Abstract Contemporary mate preferences can provide important clues to human reproductive history. Little is known about which characteristics people value in potential mates. Five predictions were

Facial shape and judgements of female attractiveness

The finding that highly attractive facial configurations are not average shows that preferences could exert a directional selection pressure on the evolution of human face shape.

Female swallow preference for symmetrical male sexual ornaments

Male swallows with elongated, symmetric tails mated earlier, and enjoyed larger annual reproductive success than did males with shortened tails and increased asymmetry, which suggests that females in their mate choice use ornament asymmetry and size as reliable indicators of male quality.

Breast asymmetry and phenotypic quality in women

"Their ideas of beauty are, on the whole, the same as ours": Consistency and variability in the cross-cultural perception of female physical attractiveness.

The consistency of physical attractiveness ratings across cultural groups was examined. In Study 1, recently arrived native Asian and Hispanic students and White Americans rated the attractiveness of