Effects of severity of long-standing congestive heart failure on pulmonary function.

@article{Dimopoulou1998EffectsOS,
  title={Effects of severity of long-standing congestive heart failure on pulmonary function.},
  author={I. Dimopoulou and M. Daganou and O. Tsintzas and G. Tzelepis},
  journal={Respiratory medicine},
  year={1998},
  volume={92 12},
  pages={
          1321-5
        }
}
To investigate the effects of severity of long-standing congestive heart failure (CHF) on pulmonary function, we studied 53 (47 men) consecutive patients, all heart transplant candidates. Their mean (+/- SD) age and ejection fraction were 47 +/- 12 years and 23 +/- 7%, respectively. All patients underwent spirometry, lung volume, diffusion capacity (DLCO), maximum inspiratory (PImax) and expiratory pressure (PEmax) measurement. Maximum cardiopulmonary exercise test on a treadmill was also… Expand
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