Effects of ruminative and distracting responses to depressed mood on retrieval of autobiographical memories.

@article{Lyubomirsky1998EffectsOR,
  title={Effects of ruminative and distracting responses to depressed mood on retrieval of autobiographical memories.},
  author={Sonja Lyubomirsky and Nathan D. Caldwell and Susan Nolen-Hoeksema},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1998},
  volume={75 1},
  pages={166-77}
}
Four studies explored the effects of self-focused rumination vs. distraction on dysphoric and nondysphoric students' retrieval of autobiographical memories. Dysphorics induced to ruminate subsequently recalled more negatively biased autobiographical memories in free recall (Study 1) and in response to prompts for memories (Study 2) than either dysphorics who first distracted themselves from their mood or nondysphoric controls. In Study 3, dysphoric rumination led students to recall negative… CONTINUE READING