Effects of ruminant trans fatty acids on cardiovascular disease and cancer: a comprehensive review of epidemiological, clinical, and mechanistic studies.

@article{Gebauer2011EffectsOR,
  title={Effects of ruminant trans fatty acids on cardiovascular disease and cancer: a comprehensive review of epidemiological, clinical, and mechanistic studies.},
  author={Sarah K Gebauer and Jean-Michel Chardigny and Marianne Uhre Jakobsen and Beno{\^i}t Lamarche and Adam L. Lock and Spencer D. Proctor and David J Baer},
  journal={Advances in nutrition},
  year={2011},
  volume={2 4},
  pages={332-54}
}
There are 2 predominant sources of dietary trans fatty acids (TFA) in the food supply, those formed during the industrial partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils (iTFA) and those formed by biohydrogenation in ruminants (rTFA), including vaccenic acid (VA) and the naturally occurring isomer of conjugated linoleic acid, cis-9, trans-11 CLA (c9,t11-CLA). The objective of this review is to evaluate the evidence base from epidemiological and clinical studies to determine whether intake of rTFA… CONTINUE READING
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