Effects of retinoids on the production of tumour necrosis factor-alpha and nitric oxide by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated rat Kupffer cells in vitro: evidence for participation of retinoid X receptor signalling pathway.

Kupffer cells play important roles in the development of liver injury by producing cytokines and free radicals. In consequence inhibition of these inflammatory mediators will be one of the targets for treating liver diseases. Retinoids modulate a wide variety of functions of monocytes/macrophages. Cellular effects of retinoids are mediated by two families… CONTINUE READING