Effects of pulsing electromagnetic fields on the prenatal and postnatal development in mice and rats: in vivo and in vitro studies.

@article{Zusman1990EffectsOP,
  title={Effects of pulsing electromagnetic fields on the prenatal and postnatal development in mice and rats: in vivo and in vitro studies.},
  author={Itshak Zusman and Pirhiya Yaffe and H Pinus and Asher Ornoy},
  journal={Teratology},
  year={1990},
  volume={42 2},
  pages={157-70}
}
Electromagnetic fields (EMF) might have various biological effects on the developing embryo. We studied the effects of pulsing electromagnetic fields (PEMF) on the in vitro development of preimplantation mouse embryos and of early somite rat embryos as well as on the in vivo development of rat embryos. We used PEMF at frequencies of 1, 20, 50, 70, and 100 Hz with a tension of 0.6 V/m. The embryos were exposed to PEMF throughout the experimental period. PEMF at frequencies of 20 and 50 Hz were… CONTINUE READING

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Non-ionizing radiation, Part 1: static and extremely low-frequency (ELF) electric and magnetic fields.

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