Effects of pulsed contaminant exposures on early life stages of the fathead minnow.

@article{Diamond2005EffectsOP,
  title={Effects of pulsed contaminant exposures on early life stages of the fathead minnow.},
  author={Jerome Diamond and Marcus Bowersox and Henry A Latimer and Chad Barbour and Jonathan S Bearr and Jonathan B Butcher},
  journal={Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology},
  year={2005},
  volume={49 4},
  pages={511-9}
}
Water quality standards for protecting aquatic life are based primarily on laboratory tests that use constant exposure concentrations. Typical effluent and nonpoint source exposure concentrations fluctuate in frequency, magnitude, and duration, which may result in different toxicological impacts. Current information indicates that pulsed or fluctuating exposures are generally more toxic than continuous exposures, when averaged over the applicable time period. However, few studies have evaluated… CONTINUE READING

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