Effects of prostaglandin F2 alpha-induced luteolysis on the populations of cells in the ovine corpus luteum.


Receptors for prostaglandin (PG) F2 alpha in the ovine corpus luteum are localized on large steroidogenic luteal cells. Therefore, it was hypothesized that during luteolysis, the first demonstrable effects of PGF2 alpha would occur in the population of large luteal cells. To test this hypothesis, the numbers and sizes of large and small luteal cells, fibroblasts, capillary endothelial cells, and pericytes were determined in corpora lutea collected 12, 24, or 36 h (6 animals/group) following administration of PGF2 alpha on Day 10 postestrus and from untreated ewes on Days 10 and 12 postestrus. The numbers and sizes of luteal cells were determined after enzymatic dissociation of the luteal tissue into single cell suspensions and by morphometric analysis of luteal slices. Serum levels of progesterone decreased (p less than 0.05) within 12 h of treatment, indicating that luteolysis was induced. Recovery of the two types of steroidogenic luteal cells following enzymatic dissociation was different (p less than 0.05). Recovery of both steroidogenic cell types decreased with time after PGF2 alpha treatment, suggesting that they had become more fragile. As determined by morphometry, the number of large luteal cells was not different at any time point examined; however, by 36 h after treatment, the average diameter of large luteal cells had decreased (p less than 0.05). In contrast, by 24 h after treatment, there was a decrease in the number of small luteal cells (p less than 0.05) but no change in their diameter.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Braden1988EffectsOP, title={Effects of prostaglandin F2 alpha-induced luteolysis on the populations of cells in the ovine corpus luteum.}, author={Tim D. Braden and Fabia Gamboni and Gordon D Niswender}, journal={Biology of reproduction}, year={1988}, volume={39 2}, pages={245-53} }