Effects of propranolol and nitroglycerin on cephalad collateral venous flow in patients with cirrhosis: evaluation using transesophageal real-time two-dimensional Doppler echography.

Abstract

We used transesophageal real-time two-dimensional Doppler echography (TE2DD) to assess the effects of propranolol (n = 18, 6 mg each) and nitroglycerin (n = 18, 0.5 mg each) on blood flow in the intercostal veins, azygos vein, thoracic aorta, and esophagogastric varices. The primary disease in all of the patients was liver cirrhosis. Propranolol infusion… (More)

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