Lactating Holstein cows averaging 193 d postpartum and fitted with rumen cannulae were used in two experiments to investigate the effects of supplementing Ca salts of fatty acids or prilled fatty acids to the diet on fermentation in the rumen, apparent total tract nutrient digestibility, milk production, and milk composition. Cows were fed ad libitum total mixed diets consisting of 45% concentrate and 55% forage. Treatments in Experiment 1 were: 1) control, 2) control plus 680 g/cow per d of Ca salts of fatty acids, 3) control plus 680 g/cow per d of prilled fatty acids, or 4) control plus 907 g/cow per d of prilled fatty acids. Treatments in Experiment 2 were: 1) control, 2) control plus 553 g/cow per d of Ca salts of fatty acids, or 3) control plus 454 g/cow per d of prilled fatty acids. Data suggest that Ca salts of fatty acids and prilled fatty acids are inert in the rumen and do not greatly alter fermentation in the rumen, apparent total tract digestibilities of DM, organic matter, ADF, NDF, and CP, or milk composition when fed at recommended amounts of 3 to 4% of the DM intake. The fact that milk production was not increased in these experiments by feeding Ca salts of fatty acids and prilled fatty acids may be attributed to the use of medium to low producing cows that were past the peak of milk production. Additional experiments are needed to obtain information about feeding these sources of supplemental fat to high producing cows during the early stages of lactation.