Effects of pre-conditioning on behavior and physiology of horses during a standardised learning task

Abstract

Rein tension is used to apply pressure to control both ridden and unridden horses. The pressure is delivered by equipment such as the bit, which may restrict voluntary movement and cause changes in behavior and physiology. Managing the effects of such pressure on arousal level and behavioral indicators will optimise horse learning outcomes. This study… (More)
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0174313

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