The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of postexercise eucaloric carbohydrate-protein feedings on muscle glycogen restoration after an exhaustive cycle ergometer exercise bout. Seven male collegiate cyclists [age = 25.6 +/- 1.3 yr, height = 180.9 +/- 3.2 cm, wt = 75.4 +/- 4.0 kg, peak oxygen uptake (VO(2 peak)) = 4.20 +/- 0.2 l/min] performed three trials, each separated by 1 wk: 1) 100% alpha-D-glucose [carbohydrate (CHO)], 2) 70% carbohydrate-20% protein (PRO)-10% fat, and 3) 86% carbohydrate-14% amino acid (AA). All feedings were eucaloric, based on 1.0 g. kg body wt(-1). h(-1) of CHO, and administered every 30 min during a 4-h muscle glycogen restoration period in an 18% wt/vol solution. Muscle biopsies were obtained immediately and 4 h after exercise. Blood samples were drawn immediately after the exercise bout and every 0.5 h for 4 h during the restoration period. Increases in muscle glycogen concentrations for the three feedings (CHO, CHO-PRO, CHO-AA) were 118 mmol/kg dry wt; however, no differences among the feedings were apparent. The serum glucose and insulin responses did not differ throughout the restoration period among the three feedings. These results suggest that muscle glycogen restoration does not appear to be enhanced with the addition of proteins or amino acids to an eucaloric CHO feeding after exhaustive cycle exercise.