Effects of physical and sporting activities on balance control in elderly people.

@article{Perrin1999EffectsOP,
  title={Effects of physical and sporting activities on balance control in elderly people.},
  author={Philippe P. Perrin and G{\'e}rome C Gauchard and Cyril Perrot and Claude Jeandel},
  journal={British Journal of Sports Medicine},
  year={1999},
  volume={33},
  pages={121 - 126}
}
OBJECTIVE: Balance disorders increase with aging and raise the risk of accidental falls in the elderly. It has been suggested that the practice of physical and sporting activities (PSA) efficiently counteracts these age related disorders, reducing the risk of falling significantly. METHODS: This study, principally based on a period during which the subjects were engaged in PSA, included 65 healthy subjects, aged over 60, who were living at home. Three series of posturographic tests (static… 
Physical and Sporting Activities Improve Vestibular Afferent Usage and Balance in Elderly Human Subjects
TLDR
Low-energy exercises, already shown to have the most positive impact on balance control by relying more on proprioception, also appear to develop or maintain a high level of vestibular sensitivity allowing elderly people practising such exercises to reduce the weight of vision.
Influence of regular proprioceptive and bioenergetic physical activities on balance control in elderly women.
TLDR
Proprioceptive exercise appears to have the best impact on balance regulation and precision, even if bioenergetic activity improves postural control in simple postural tasks, more difficult postural task show that this type of activity does not develop a neurosensorial proprioceptive input threshold as well.
Improved muscle strength and power in elderly exercising regularly.
TLDR
Practical PSA increases muscular strength and power and thus improves daily living activities in elderly people and indicates that the actual activity level is an important determinant of skeletal muscle function at old age.
Effect of yoga training on balance in elderly women
TLDR
It seems that yoga (Huta yoga) has positive effects on balance in the elderly, which include improvement of dynamic and static balance.
Improved postural control after dynamic balance training in older overweight women
TLDR
The authors' dynamic balance training protocol appears to be feasible, safe and repeatable for older overweight women and to have positive effects in improving their lateral and anterior-posterior postural control, mainly acting on the visual and skeletal muscle components of the balance control system.
Effects of sedentary condition and longterm physical activity on postural balance and strength responses in elderly subjects
TLDR
It is possible to conclude that postural stability and lower limb’s muscular strength can be increased in elderly people with a power physical activity, such as tennis and speculate that such a conditioning can be considered promising to decrease risks of falling.
Handgrip and functional mobility in elderly with different levels of physical activity
TLDR
It is suggested that the sports practice implement the gains in functional mobility and strength when compared to purely non-specific exercise and inactivity.
Habitual Physical Activity as a Determinant of the Effect of Moderate Physical Exercise on Postural Control in Older Men
TLDR
A significantly higher increase in mean velocity of COP displacements and its component in the sagittal plane were observed in the group with lower level of HPA in comparison with the groups with higher HPA level.
Falls and Postural Stability in Older Individuals: Implications for Activities of Daily Living
TLDR
Older individuals who practice regular physical activity present a healthy lifestyle and a lower risk and incidence of falling which may be associated with functioning of the postural control system.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
Fear of falling and postural performance in the elderly.
TLDR
Subjects who expressed a fear of falling were found to exhibit significantly poorer performance in blindfolded spontaneous-sway tests and in eyes-open, one-leg stance tests, and the clinical scale was the only balance measure that showed a significant association with retrospective, self-reported falling history.
A comparison of the effects of three types of endurance training on balance and other fall risk factors in older adults
TLDR
Only walking improved at least one measure of all major outcomes (endurance, strength, gait, balance, health status), suggesting that walking is most useful for fall prevention.
Effect of exercise on balance, strength and reaction time in older people.
Ankle trauma significantly impairs posture control--a study in basketball players and controls.
TLDR
The role of ankles is pinpointed in the control of both static and dynamic balance and the role of the hip joints becomes more important (top down strategy) in the case of damaged ankles.
Randomised controlled trial of a general practice programme of home based exercise to prevent falls in elderly women
TLDR
An individual programme of strength and balance retraining exercises improved physical function and was effective in reducing falls and injuries in women 80 years and older in Dunedin, New Zealand.
The effects of exercise on falls in elderly patients. A preplanned meta-analysis of the FICSIT Trials. Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques.
TLDR
Treatments including exercise for elderly adults reduce the risk of falls, and no exercise component was significant for injurious falls, but power was low to detect this outcome.
Developing physical fitness for the elderly through sport and exercise.
  • H. Meusel
  • Education
    British journal of sports medicine
  • 1984
TLDR
Sports and exercise for the elderly as well as gymnastics for senior citizens should adequately improve co-ordinative skills, the ability of the muscles to relax, joint flexibility, muscle strength, endurance, vegetative adaptability, stress tolerance, controlling body-weight, and resistance to infections.
Exercise training and nutritional supplementation for physical frailty in very elderly people.
TLDR
High-intensity resistance exercise training is a feasible and effective means of counteracting muscle weakness and physical frailty in very elderly people, in contrast to multi-nutrient supplementation without concomitant exercise, which does not reduce muscle weakness orPhysical frailty.
Postural stability and associated physiological factors in a population of aged persons.
TLDR
An analysis of the percentage increases in sway under conditions where visual and peripheral sensation systems are removed or diminished, compared with sway under optimal conditions, indicated that peripheral sensation is the most important sensory system in the maintenance of static postural stability.
...
...