Effects of perivascular Botulinum Toxin-A application on vascular smooth muscle and flap viability in the rat.

@article{Arnold2009EffectsOP,
  title={Effects of perivascular Botulinum Toxin-A application on vascular smooth muscle and flap viability in the rat.},
  author={Peter B Arnold and Wyndell H. Merritt and George T. Rodeheaver and Chris A. Campbell and Raymond F. Morgan and David B. Drake},
  journal={Annals of plastic surgery},
  year={2009},
  volume={62 5},
  pages={463-7}
}
Botulinum toxin-A (BTX) has become a widely used pharmacologic agent for esthetic surgeons and those who treat neuromuscular and gastrointestinal conditions. Until recently, there has been very little basic science research related to how this powerful agent may be useful when applied to vessels. The mechanism of action of this agent suggests that it may be useful in treating vasospastic conditions and ischemic tissues. We present data from experiments conducted to establish whether… CONTINUE READING
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