Effects of p CO 2 on the interaction between an excavating sponge , Cliona varians , and a hermatypic coral , Porites furcata

@inproceedings{Stubler2014EffectsOP,
  title={Effects of p CO 2 on the interaction between an excavating sponge , Cliona varians , and a hermatypic coral , Porites furcata},
  author={Amber D. Stubler and Bradley T. Furman and Bradley J. Peterson},
  year={2014}
}
Currently, atmospheric CO2 levels fluctuate around 390 ppm and continue to rise at an accelerating rate (Caldeira and Wickett 2003, 2005); projected scenarios indicate that levels will approach 450–600 ppm by 2050 and 750– 1,000 ppm by the end of the twenty-first century (IPCC 2007; gattuso and lavigne 2009). The resultant increase in dissolved seawater CO2 is expected to reduce surface ocean pH by 0.3–0.4 units, substantially altering the carbonate chemistry of coastal marine ecosystems… CONTINUE READING
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