Rats were given soybean trypsin inhibitor or repeatedly injected with pancreozymin (daily 40 I.D.U./kg) for 7 days, and the insulin and glucagon contents of the pancreas were measured. The insulin and glucagon contents were markedly increased after these treatments and this effect was especially conspicuous after injections of large doses (daily 120 I.D.U.) of depot-type pancreozymin. Insulin content thus reached 1.9 times, and glucagon content 2.4 times as much in control values. This result is compatible with our previous histological finding that not only the exocrine pancreas but also islet cells undergo the trophic effect of endogenous and exogenous pancreozymin.