Effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being: Theoretical overview and empirical update

  title={Effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being: Theoretical overview and empirical update},
  author={Michael F Scheier and Charles S Carver},
  journal={Cognitive Therapy and Research},
The primary purpose of this paper is to review recent research examining the beneficial effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being. The review focuses on research that is longitudinal or prospective in design. Potential mechanisms are also identified whereby the beneficial effects of optimism are produced, focusing in particular on how optimism may lead a person to cope more adaptively with stress. The paper closes with a brief consideration of the similarities and differences… 
Running head : THE RELATIONSHIP OF OPTIMISM The Relationship of Optimism With Psychological and Physical Well-Being Joseph Rabiega and
The relationship of optimism with psychological and physical well-being is a well researched topic. Maintaining an optimistic view on life has been shown to reduce depression and help with the
Optimism and Its Impact on Mental and Physical Well-Being
This overview is an attempt to explore the “optimism” concept and its relations with mental health, physical health, coping, quality of life and adaptation of purpose, health lifestyle and risk perception.
Dispositional optimism and physical health: A long look back, a quick look forward.
Assessment of optimism is described, along with data regarding its stability, and a review of the research linking optimism and physical health is presented, suggesting potential pathways-behavioral, biological, and social-that might explain these associations.
Optimism and well-being: a prospective multi-method and multi-dimensional examination of optimism as a resilience factor following the occurrence of stressful life events
It is indicated that optimism is a multifaceted construct and not all forms of optimism have the same effects on well-being, whereas SI may be the most relevant to anxiety.
The Role of Optimism to Improve the Psychological Well-Being in Women
The aim of study is evaluation the Optimism role in improve the psychological well-being in women.  The method of study is applied and to the data collection is descriptive and correlational. The
Proactive Coping as a Mediator of the Relationship between Optimism and Self-Esteem
Introduction Most studies concluded that optimism was positively associated with psychological well-being, (Chang, 1998; Lai, 2009). However, Robins and Beer (2001) also found that optimism was
Engagement and Arousal: Optimism’s Effects During a Brief Stressor
The results support the notion that the increased engagement that arises from optimism may lead to short-term physiological costs.
Self-regulation processes and health: the importance of optimism and goal adjustment.
How self-regulatory models can be used to understand people's response to health threats and the process of disengagement from unattainable goals is discussed.
Look on the bright side: do the benefits of optimism depend on the social nature of the stressor?
Optimism-related attenuation of reactivity to the social vs. non-social stressor contributes further evidence to an emerging picture of psychosocial risk as largely reflecting person × social environment interactions.


Dispositional optimism and physical well-being: the influence of generalized outcome expectancies on health.
The implications that dispositional optimism holds for physical well-being are explored and the relationships between this theoretical account of the effects of optimism and several other conceptual approaches are discussed.
Coping with stress: divergent strategies of optimists and pessimists.
Examining how optimists differ from pessimists in the kinds of coping strategies that they use revealed modest but reliable positive correlations between optimism and problem-focused coping, seeking of social support, and emphasizing positive aspects of the stressful situation.
Optimism, pessimism, and postpartum depression
This study examined the role of dispositional optimism versus pessimism as a moderator of the tendency to become depressed after a specific stressful life change: the birth of a child. The
The costs and benefits of optimistic explanations and dispositional optimism.
This issue reviews an impressive series of studies which together suggest that there may be health risks associated with attributing bad outcomes to internal, stable, and global causes and with failing to maintain a generalized expectancy for good outcomes.
Optimism, self-mastery, and symptoms of depression in women professionals.
Although optimism and self-mastery were significant and negatively correlated with symptoms of depression, only self- mastery was independently associated with symptom levels, suggesting that the apparent predictive power of optimism may derive from its substantial overlap with self- mastery.
Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies.
  • M. Scheier, C. Carver
  • Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 1985
A scale measuring dispositional optimism, defined in terms of generalized outcome expectancies, was used in a longitudinal study of symptom reporting among a group of undergraduates and predicted that subjects who initially reported being highly optimistic were subsequently less likely to report being bothered by symptoms.
Defensive Pessimism and Stress and Coping
Extensive research supports the contention that an optimistic orientation may contribute to more effective coping with stressful life events than will pessimism (Scheier & Carver, 1985; Taylor &
Confession, Inhibition, and Disease
Self-efficacy: toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.
An integrative theoretical framework to explain and to predict psychological changes achieved by different modes of treatment is presented and findings are reported from microanalyses of enactive, vicarious, and emotive mode of treatment that support the hypothesized relationship between perceived self-efficacy and behavioral changes.