Effects of non-idealities and quantization of the center of mass motion on symmetric and asymmetric collective states in a collective state atomic interferometer

@article{Sarkar2014EffectsON,
  title={Effects of non-idealities and quantization of the center of mass motion on symmetric and asymmetric collective states in a collective state atomic interferometer},
  author={Resham Sarkar and May E. Kim and Renpeng Fang and Yanfei Tu and Selim M. Shahriar},
  journal={Journal of Modern Optics},
  year={2014},
  volume={62},
  pages={1253 - 1263}
}
We investigate the behavior of an ensemble of non-interacting, identical atoms excited by a laser. In general, the -th atom sees a Rabi frequency , an initial position dependent laser phase , and a motion induced Doppler shift of . When or is distinct for each atom, the system evolves into a superposition of intercoupled states, of which there are symmetric and asymmetric collective states. For a collective state atomic interferometer (COSAIN), we recently proposed, it is important to… 
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