Effects of noise and music on human and task performance: A systematic review

  title={Effects of noise and music on human and task performance: A systematic review},
  author={Brian H. Dalton and David G. Behm},
  journal={Occupational ergonomics},
The purpose of the present paper was to review the literature to develop an understanding of the effects of noise and music on human performance. The second purpose was to study the effects of music on a commonly performed task that is frequently accompanied by background music: driving. Background noise not only affects public health, but it also negatively affects human performance in such tasks as comprehension, attention, and vigilance. However, some studies have indicated that noise… 
The influence of music on mental effort and driving performance.
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The current research examined the influence of loud music on driving performance, and whether mental effort mediated this effect. Participants (N = 69) drove in a driving simulator either with or
Investigating the effect of background music on cognitive and skill performance: A cross-sectional study.
BACKGROUND Existing studies on the impact of background music in the workplace have reported varying results, from improving production and performance to being known as an annoying factor. Given the
More than meets the ear: Investigating how music affects cognitive task performance.
It is found that music's effects on task performance depend on the music, the task, and the performer, and that one's preference for external stimulation moderates these effects.
Effects of Music on Driver Behavior
The attention level of car drivers is affected by many factors. Music is one of the most importantones, but its effect is rarely studied. Music can affect driving style in both positive and negative
Handling Design Tasks: Effects of Music on Mood and Task Performance
It is revealed that listening to music would lower task performance for repetitive task as well as creative task, and hard music is even worse than light music, however, listening toMusic doesn’t seem to impact anxiety, arousal or mental effort.
When listening to rain sounds boosts arithmetic ability
Investigating the influence of agitating, happy or touching music on the ability of non-musician subjects to perform arithmetic operations found introverts were always faster than extroverts in solving mathematical problems, except when the latter performed calculations accompanied by the sound of heavy rain, a condition that made them as fast as introverts.
Does the Tempo of Music Impact Human Behavior Behind the Wheel?
The tempo of the music listened to behind the wheel was not found to influence driving behaviors, however, arousing music improved drivers’ responsiveness to changes in the speed of the followed vehicle, but this benefit was canceled out by a reduction in the drivers' intervehicle safety margin.
The Effect of Music Familiarity on Driving: A Simulated Study of the Impact of Music Familiarity Under Different Driving Conditions
Music is one of the most popular activities while driving. Previous research on music while driving has been mixed, with some researchers finding music to be a distractor and some research finding


Music is as distracting as noise: the differential distraction of background music and noise on the cognitive test performance of introverts and extraverts
Findings support the Eysenckian hypothesis of the difference in optimum cortical arousal in introverts and extraverts.
A review of the effects of noise on human performance.
  • A. Smith
  • Physics
    Scandinavian journal of psychology
  • 1989
It is essential to consider the nature of the task being performed in noise, and a profile of strategies of performance in noise is presented, and recommendations are made about the direction and methodology of future research.
Types of Music, Schedules of Background Stimulation, and Visual Vigilance Performance
It appears vigilance performance is best when background stimulation is discontinuous and contains elements of uncertainty (as in the rock music which was more diversified, vigorous, and changeable than the easy-listening music).
Effects of sound types and volumes on simulated driving, vigilance tasks and heart rate
The objective was to determine whether specific types and volumes of sounds affect driving-related tasks. Participants completed six trials while exposed to different sound types (hard rock,
Music while You Work: The Differential Distraction of Background Music on the Cognitive Test Performance of Introverts and Extraverts
SUMMARY The current study looked at the distracting effects of ‘pop music’ on introverts’ and extraverts’ performance on various cognitive tasks. It was predicted that there would be a main effect
Effect of Music Tempo on Task Performance
Two studies were conducted to evaluate the effect of music tempo on task performance, with results indicating women performed significantly better than men, performance was significantly higher in the rock condition than in the heartbeat condition, and subjects in theRock condition had a significantly higher perceived level of distraction by the music.
Performance on driving-related tasks during music
The effect of music on driving-related tracking and vigilance tasks was examined. Participants carried out the tasks either singularly (low demand) or together (high demand) under conditions of
Music and driving game performance
This study investigated the effects of the nature of music and a concurrent task on measures of task performance and musical preference. Subjects completed 5 laps of a computer motor racing game