Effects of naftidrofuryl on isolated perfused kidneys of spontaneously hypertensive rats.


1. Experiments were designed to determine the effects of low concentrations (5-500 nmol/L) of naftidrofuryl, a 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) antagonist, on renal functions and prostanoid synthesis responses to noradrenaline (NA) and 5-HT. Isolated kidneys of 8 week old male spontaneously hypertensive rats were perfused at a constant flow rate in a single-pass system. 2. In baseline conditions, naftidrofuryl did not modify the renal vascular resistance and the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), although it elicited a significant but not dose-dependent increase in the venous excretion of 6-keto-prostaglandin (PG) F1 alpha and thromboxane (Tx)B2, the stable end-products of PGI2 and TxA2, respectively. 3. NA increased renal vascular resistance and GFR in a dose-dependent manner and enhanced the venous excretion of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TxB2. Naftidrofuryl significantly attenuated the effects of NA on renal vascular resistance, abolished those on GFR and enhanced, at the highest concentration (500 nmol/L) only, those on 6-keto-PGF1 alpha excretion. 4. 5-HT increased renal vascular resistance but not GFR. It did not change the sodium excretion and the release of 6-keto-PGF1 alpha and TxB2. Naftidrofuryl blunted the RVR response to 5-HT without change in the prostanoid release. The inhibitory action of naftidrofuryl was not modified by indomethacin which, by itself, prevented the vasoconstrictor response to 5-HT.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Zhang1993EffectsON, title={Effects of naftidrofuryl on isolated perfused kidneys of spontaneously hypertensive rats.}, author={Bao Lan Zhang and Kiao Ling Liu and Jo{\"{e}lle Sacquet and Nicolas Wiernsperger and Daniel Benzoni and Jean Sassard}, journal={Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology}, year={1993}, volume={20 10}, pages={655-61} }