forestry activity on the structure of dissolved organic matter in lakes: implications for 438 mercury photoreactions
- J. S. Park, S. Oh, M. Y. Shin, M. K. Kim, S. M. Yi, K. D. Zoh
- Sci Total Environ
This study investigated the photodegradation kinetics of MeHg in the presence of various size fractions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) with MW < 3.5 kDa, 3.5 < MW < 10 kDa, and MW > 10 kDa. The DOM fraction with MW < 3.5 kDa was most effective in MeHg photodegradation. Increasing UV intensity resulted in the increase of photodegradation rate of the MeHg in all size of DOM fractions. Higher rates of MeHg degradation was observed at higher pH. For the portion of MW < 3.5 kDa, the photodegradation rate of MeHg increased with increasing DOM concentration, indicating that radicals such as singlet oxygen (1O2) radicals can be effectively produced by DOM. At higher portion of MW > 3.5 kDa, the inhibition of MeHg degradation was observed due to the effect of DOM photo-attenuation. Our result indicates that radical mediated reaction is the main mechanism of photodegradation of MeHg especially in the presence of MW < 3.5 kDa. Our results imply that the smaller molecular weight fraction (MW < 3.5 kDa) of DOM mainly increased the photodegradation rate of MeHg.