Effects of microgravity on the virulence of Listeria monocytogenes, Enterococcus faecalis, Candida albicans, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.

@article{Hammond2013EffectsOM,
  title={Effects of microgravity on the virulence of Listeria monocytogenes, Enterococcus faecalis, Candida albicans, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.},
  author={Timothy G Hammond and Louis S. Stodieck and Holly H Birdsall and Jeanne L Becker and Paul A Koenig and Jeffrey S. Hammond and Margaret A Gunter and Patricia L. Allen},
  journal={Astrobiology},
  year={2013},
  volume={13 11},
  pages={1081-90}
}
To evaluate effects of microgravity on virulence, we studied the ability of four common clinical pathogens--Listeria monocytogenes, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Enterococcus faecalis, and Candida albicans--to kill wild type Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) nematodes at the larval and adult stages. Simultaneous studies were performed utilizing spaceflight, clinorotation in a 2-D clinorotation device, and static ground controls. The feeding rate of worms for killed E… CONTINUE READING
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