Effects of low-carbohydrate diets v. low-fat diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials

@article{Mansoor2015EffectsOL,
  title={Effects of low-carbohydrate diets v. low-fat diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials},
  author={Nadia Mansoor and Kathrine J. Vinknes and Marit Bragelien Veier{\o}d and Kjetil Retterst{\o}l},
  journal={British Journal of Nutrition},
  year={2015},
  volume={115},
  pages={466 - 479}
}
Abstract The effects of low-carbohydrate (LC) diets on body weight and cardiovascular risk are unclear, and previous studies have found varying results. Our aim was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials (RCT), assessing the effects of LC diets v. low-fat (LF) diets on weight loss and risk factors of CVD. Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Trials. Studies had to fulfil the following criteria: a RCT; the LC diet was defined in accordance with… Expand
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Effects of low-carbohydrate vs low-fat diets on weight loss and cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
TLDR
Low-carbohydrate, non-energy-restricted diets appear to be at least as effective as low-fat, energy- restricted diets in inducing weight loss for up to 1 year, however, potential favorable changes in triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol values should be weighed against potential unfavorable changes in low-density lipid cholesterol values when low- carbohydrate diets to induce weight loss are considered. Expand
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It is suggested that low-carbohydrate diets are at least as effective as low-fat diets at reducing weight and improving metabolic risk factors and could be recommended to obese persons with abnormal metabolicrisk factors for the purpose of weight loss. Expand
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The low-carbohydrate diet was more effective for weight loss and cardiovascular risk factor reduction than the low-fat diet and Restricting carbohydrate may be an option for persons seeking to lose weight and reduce cardiovascular risk factors. Expand
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Individuals assigned to a VLCKD achieve a greater weight loss than those assigned to an conventional low-fat diet in the longterm; hence, a V LCKD may be an alternative tool against obesity. Expand
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Overall, although both diets had similar improvements for a number of metabolic risk markers, an HCLF diet had more favorable effects on the blood lipid profile and the potential long-term effects of the VLCHF diet for CVD risk remain a concern and that blood lipid levels should be monitored. Expand
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Under planned isoenergetic conditions, as expected, both dietary patterns resulted in similar weight loss and changes in body composition and the LC diet may offer clinical benefits to obese persons with insulin resistance. Expand
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