Effects of larval size and hydrodynamics on the growth rates of the black fly Simulium tribulatum.

Black flies are ubiquitous and important members of lotic ecosystems. Size is known to affect many aspects of their life in the aquatic larval stage, including intraspecific competition for feeding sites. As filter feeders, flow affects their ability to feed and reach sufficiently fast flow. This, in turn, can lead to risky fluid-mediated dispersal behavior… CONTINUE READING