Effects of insulin-like growth factor I on steroidogenic enzyme expression levels in mouse leydig cells.

Abstract

The role of IGF-I in Leydig cell maturation was studied by evaluation of: 1) steady state levels for nine mRNA species expressed specifically in Leydig cells of 35- and 50-d-old IGF-I-null mice and wild-type controls; 2) protein levels for 17 alpha-hydroxylase/C17-20 lyase, cholesterol side-chain cleavage, and type I 5 alpha-reductase (5 alpha R-1) in Leydig cells by immunocytochemistry; and 3) serum testosterone (T) and testicular interstitial fluid IGF-I levels. Expression levels of all mRNA species associated with T biosynthesis were lower in the absence of IGF-I stimulation. In contrast, androgen-metabolizing enzyme mRNA species had either normal (3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase) or higher expression (5 alpha R-1) levels in IGF-I-null mice (P < 0.05) relative to wild-type controls. None of the mRNA species studied changed developmentally in the mutant, whereas there were increases or decreases between d 35 and 50 in normal controls. Parallel trends were observed for average Leydig cell 5 alpha R-1 immunostaining intensity. T levels in mutants were initially higher during d 14-21, equivalent to normal on d 28, and then failed to increase pubertally, remaining at 30% of control levels (P < 0.01) in 90-d-old adult animals. In normal wild-type mice, interstitial fluid and plasma IGF-I levels were highest (P < 0.05) on d 24, indicating that the action of this growth factor on the testis peaks during pubertal development. These results show that in the absence of IGF-I, there is a failure of adult Leydig cells to mature, and that the reduced capacity for T production is caused by disproportionate expression of T biosynthetic and metabolizing enzymes.

050'05'06'07'08'09'10'11'12'13'14'15'16'17
Citations per Year

315 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 315 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Wang2003EffectsOI, title={Effects of insulin-like growth factor I on steroidogenic enzyme expression levels in mouse leydig cells.}, author={Gui-min Wang and Peter J. O'Shaughnessy and Curtis Chubb and Bernard Robaire and Matthew Philip Hardy}, journal={Endocrinology}, year={2003}, volume={144 11}, pages={5058-64} }