Plasma membrane permeability as an indicator of salt tolerance in plants
- M. M. F. Mansour
- Biologia Plantarum
Inorganic solutes are shown to alter the permeability of root and leaf tissues. Experiments with beet root tissues reveal that CaCl(2) decreases leakage of betacyanin from the tissue, that (NH(4))(2)SO(4) increases leakage, and that each salt can relieve the effects of the other. A comparison of cations and anions shows a range of effects with the various solutes. Experiments with Rumex obtusifolius L. leaf discs reveal that whereas CaCl(2) defers the development of senescence, (NH(4))(2)SO(4) hastens senescence and increases the leakage of materials out of the leaf discs. The solute effect on Rumex obtusifolius L. is prevented by gibberellin. CaCl(2) can relieve the (NH(4))(2)SO(4) effect. The results are interpreted as indicating that the inorganic solutes may serve to alter the permeability of membranes through alterations of interactions between water and macromolecules in the tissues; the interpretation is consistent with the evidence for opposite effects of Ca and NH(4), the effective concentrations being about 10(-3)m, and the reversibility of the effects of one solute by another of opposite stabilization-destabilization effect.