Effects of inescapable shock upon subsequent escape and avoidance responding.

@article{Overmier1967EffectsOI,
  title={Effects of inescapable shock upon subsequent escape and avoidance responding.},
  author={J. Bruce Overmier and M. Seligman},
  journal={Journal of comparative and physiological psychology},
  year={1967},
  volume={63 1},
  pages={
          28-33
        }
}
  • J. Overmier, M. Seligman
  • Published 1 February 1967
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Journal of comparative and physiological psychology
Exposure of dogs to inescapable shocks under a variety of conditions reliably interfered with subsequent instrumental escape-avoidance responding in a new situation. Use of a higher level of shock during instrumental avoidance training did not attenuate interference; this was taken as evidence against an explanation based upon adaptation to shock. Ss curarized during their exposure to inescapable shocks also showed proactive interference with escape-avoidance responding, indicating that… 

Tables from this paper

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Regularity of Inescapable Shock Duration Affects Behavioral Topography, but not Shuttle Escape Performance
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Reinforcer generality of the interference effect resulting from exposure to inescapable shock is reported and the results demonstrate reinforcer generability of the debilitating effects produced by inescapables shock.
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TLDR
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Dissociation of interference with the speed and accuracy of escape produced by inescapable shock.
TLDR
In the present study, neither diazepam nor naltrexone had any effect on the interference with Y-maze choice escape accuracy produced by inescapable shock, implying that inescapables shock interferes with escape choice learning and escape response speed by different mechanisms, the former not involving fear-anxiety processes.
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