Effects of inescapable shock upon subsequent escape and avoidance responding.

@article{Overmier1967EffectsOI,
  title={Effects of inescapable shock upon subsequent escape and avoidance responding.},
  author={J. Overmier and M. Seligman},
  journal={Journal of comparative and physiological psychology},
  year={1967},
  volume={63 1},
  pages={
          28-33
        }
}
Exposure of dogs to inescapable shocks under a variety of conditions reliably interfered with subsequent instrumental escape-avoidance responding in a new situation. Use of a higher level of shock during instrumental avoidance training did not attenuate interference; this was taken as evidence against an explanation based upon adaptation to shock. Ss curarized during their exposure to inescapable shocks also showed proactive interference with escape-avoidance responding, indicating that… Expand
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