Effects of hypothermia and rewarming on phospholipase C-evoked glycerol output in rat myocardial cells.

Abstract

The combined action of phosphatidylcholine preferring phospholipase C (PC-PLC) and intracellular lipases has recently been shown to cause glycerol output in energy deprived rat cardiomyocytes. In the present study we examined the effect of hypothermia and rewarming on PC-PLC evoked glycerol output in freshly isolated, calcium-tolerant myocytes. The cells were preincubated for 60 min at hypothermic (5 degrees C) or normothermic (37 degrees C) conditions in Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer (pH 7.4) supplemented with 1 mM DL-carnitine, 1% B.S.A. and 5 mM glucose. Addition of PC-PLC resulted in a significantly higher (P less than 0.05) output of glycerol in myocytes undergoing rewarming than in myocytes kept constantly at 5 degrees C or 37 degrees C. The values obtained for PC-PLC induced glycerol output (difference in glycerol output between incubations with and without PC-PLC) were 6.77 +/- 2.6 (37 degrees C), 4.54 +/- 1.7 (5 degrees C) and 22.85 +/- 5.9 (5-37 degrees C) nmol/10(6) cells.h. Rewarming in addition caused a significantly higher (P less than 0.05) leakage of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from the rewarmed cells as compared to cells at constant temperatures (5 degrees C or 37 degrees C). However, there was no additional effect of PC-PLC on LDH leakage. The elevated PC-PLC induced glycerol output in rewarmed myocytes was not related to a fall in the percentage of rod-shaped cells or a reduced cellular content of ATP, since no differences could be detected between the various myocyte preparations with respect to these parameters.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Cite this paper

@article{Steigen1992EffectsOH, title={Effects of hypothermia and rewarming on phospholipase C-evoked glycerol output in rat myocardial cells.}, author={Terje Kristian Steigen and Solveig J. Pettersen and P H Guddal and Terje Steinar Larsen}, journal={Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology}, year={1992}, volume={24 5}, pages={457-64} }