Effects of human–carnivore conflict on tiger (Panthera tigris) and prey populations in Lao PDR

  title={Effects of human–carnivore conflict on tiger (Panthera tigris) and prey populations in Lao PDR},
  author={Alyssa Johnson and Chantavy Vongkhamheng and Michael Hedemark and Thavisouk Saithongdam},
  journal={Animal Conservation},
Unique to South‐east Asia, Lao People's Democratic Republic contains extensive habitat for tigers and their prey within a multiple‐use protected area system covering 13% of the country. Although human population density is the lowest in the region, the impact of human occurrence in protected areas on tiger Panthera tigris and prey populations was unknown. We examined the effects of human–carnivore conflict on tiger and prey abundance and distribution in the Nam Et‐Phou Louey National Protected… 

The spatial distribution and population density of tigers in mountainous terrain of Bhutan

Temporal Variation in Tiger (Panthera tigris) Populations and Its Implications for Monitoring

Seven years of camera trapping, tracking, and observational data on a local tiger population in Chitwan National Park, Nepal, are presented to quantify changes in abundance of demographic groups and to identify underlying causes.

Sampling mammalian carnivores in western Thailand: Issues of rarity and detectability

Many tropical mammalian carnivores are now threatened with extinction due to habitat loss and fragmentation, direct hunting pressure, and depletion of their prey reserves. Due to their cryptic

Ecological factors for sambar prey of tiger Ecological factors that in fl uence sambar ( Rusa unicolor ) distribution and abundance in western Thailand : implications for tiger conservation

Prey density is declining throughout the tiger’s (Panthera tigris) range and knowledge of the ecological factors that affect prey distribution and abundance remains surprisingly limited for this

A baseline survey of ungulate abundance and distribution in northern Lao: implications for conservation

Abstract Large ungulates across South-east Asia have been experiencing a rapid decline in recent decades because of overexploitation by humans. An absence of reliable data on the abundance and

A preliminary investigation into the effects of hunting on three large ungulate species in Peninsular Malaysia, with implications for tiger conservation

An interview-based survey was conducted at five sites around Peninsular Malaysia to assess the prevalent responses of wild ungulate populations to hunting over the preceding five years, indicating that numbers of wild boar have remained unchanged whilst those of both common muntjac and sambar appear to have been depleted with possible localised extirpations of the latter.

The diversity, status and conservation of small carnivores in a montane tropical forest in northern Laos

Abstract Laos harbours globally significant populations of small carnivores, including mustelids and viverrids of conservation concern and felids that are relatively rare or unknown from other parts



Crouching tigers, hidden prey: Sumatran tiger and prey populations in a tropical forest landscape

We examine the abundance and distribution of Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) and nine prey species in Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park on Sumatra, Indonesia. Our study is the first to

Behavioural correlates of predation by tiger (Panthera tigris), leopard (Panthera pardus) and dhole (Cuon alpinus) in Nagarahole, India

The results suggest that ecological factors, such as adequate availability of appropriate-sized prey, dense cover and high tree densities may be the primary factors in structuring the predator communities of tropical forests.

prey selection by tiger, leopard and dhole in tropical forests

It is suggested that if there is choice, large carnivores selectively kill larger prey, and non-selective predation patterns reported from other tropical forests may be the result of scarcity of large prey.

Predators and people: using human densities to interpret declines of large carnivores

The current extinction crisis is caused primarily by human impacts upon wild populations. Large carnivores are especially sensitive to human activity; because their requirements often conflict with

Conservation status of tigers in a primary rainforest of Peninsular Malaysia

People and Wildlife: People and predators in Laikipia District, Kenya

In this century, only in Africa do substantial numbers of people and livestock still live alongside sizeable populations of large carnivores. Predators are rarely a threat to humans in modern Africa,

People and Wildlife: Searching for the coexistence recipe: a case study of conflicts between people and tigers in the Russian Far East

INTRODUCTION Large carnivores provide the ultimate test of society's willingness to conserve wildlife. They present a unique conservation challenge because first, large carnivores generally require

Developing a National Tiger Action Plan for the Union of Myanmar

The development of a new National Tiger Action Plan for the Union of Myanmar is reviewed and a blueprint for conservation measures aimed at saving tigers from extinction is discussed.

An Ecology‐Based Method for Defining Priorities for Large Mammal Conservation: The Tiger as Case Study

The disappearance of large vertebrates in the tropical belt may be the next biological insult of the global extinction crisis. Large predators and their prey are at particular risk in Asia, where