Effects of herbivore-bearing adult trees of the oak Quercus crispula on the survival of their seedlings

@article{Wada2000EffectsOH,
  title={Effects of herbivore-bearing adult trees of the oak Quercus crispula on the survival of their seedlings},
  author={Naoya Wada and Masashi Murakami and Kunikichi Yoshida},
  journal={Ecological Research},
  year={2000},
  volume={15},
  pages={219-227}
}
The acorn-producing oak Quercus crispula Blume is shade-tolerant and its seedlings were found to be underdispersed on the forest floor, forming seedling aggregations near fertile canopy trees. However, 84.4% of the seedlings were dead within 2 years, with the highest mortality near the adult canopy trees of Q. crispula. This was mostly due to the high levels of herbivory by lepidopteran larvae. The most serious damage was caused by spring consumers, which fed on the leaves of canopy trees in… CONTINUE READING
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