Effects of hardness, chloride, and acclimation on the acute toxicity of sulfate to freshwater invertebrates.

Abstract

The acute toxicity of sulfate to Ceriodaphnia dubia, Chironomus tentans, Hyalella azteca, and Sphaerium simile was assessed to support potential updates of Illinois (USA) sulfate criteria for the protection of aquatic life. The mean lethal concentrations to 50% of a sample population (LC50s), expressed as mg S04(-2)/L, in moderately hard reconstituted water… (More)

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Cite this paper

@article{Soucek2005EffectsOH, title={Effects of hardness, chloride, and acclimation on the acute toxicity of sulfate to freshwater invertebrates.}, author={David John Soucek and Alan J. Kennedy}, journal={Environmental toxicology and chemistry}, year={2005}, volume={24 5}, pages={1204-10} }