Effects of footwear and strike type on running economy.

@article{Perl2012EffectsOF,
  title={Effects of footwear and strike type on running economy.},
  author={Daniel P. Perl and Adam I. Daoud and Daniel E. Lieberman},
  journal={Medicine and science in sports and exercise},
  year={2012},
  volume={44 7},
  pages={
          1335-43
        }
}
PURPOSE This study tests if running economy differs in minimal shoes versus standard running shoes with cushioned elevated heels and arch supports and in forefoot versus rearfoot strike gaits. METHODS We measured the cost of transport (mL O(2)·kg(-1)·m(-1)) in subjects who habitually run in minimal shoes or barefoot while they were running at 3.0 m·s(-1) on a treadmill during forefoot and rearfoot striking while wearing minimal and standard shoes, controlling for shoe mass and stride… Expand
Acute effect of different minimalist shoes on foot strike pattern and kinematics in rearfoot strikers during running
TLDR
It appears that minimalist footwear with lower heel heights and minimal shock absorption is more effective in replicating barefoot running. Expand
Redistribution of Mechanical Work at the Knee and Ankle Joints During Fast Running in Minimalist Shoes.
TLDR
Running in minimalist shoes at a fast speed caused a redistribution of work from the knee to the ankle joint, suggesting that runners changing from conventional to minimalist shoes for short-distance races could be at an increased risk of ankle and calf injuries but a reduced risk of knee injuries. Expand
Acute shoe effects on Achilles tendon loading in runners with habitual rearfoot strike pattern.
TLDR
Increased AT force, loading rate, and stress were observed in runners who habitually wear conventional shoes with rearfoot strike patterns when they wore minimalist shoes, and a gradual transition to minimalist shoes is recommended. Expand
Effects of Footwear and Fatigue on Running Economy and Biomechanics in Trail Runners.
TLDR
Findings indicated specific alterations in RE and biomechanics over time during the MS and MSm conditions compared with the TS condition, indicating the occurrence of neuromuscular fatigue. Expand
Rearfoot striking runners are more economical than midfoot strikers.
TLDR
It was showed that habitually rearfoot striking runners are more economical than midfoot strikers, which may explain the differences in running economy. Expand
Lower extremity biomechanical relationships with different speeds in traditional, minimalist, and barefoot footwear.
TLDR
There is a clear influence of footwear, but not speed, on foot strike pattern and speed and footwear predict ankle angles (greater plantarflexion at foot strike) and may have implications for minimalist runners and their risk of injury. Expand
Effect of Minimalist Footwear on Running Efficiency
TLDR
When compared with running in traditional, cushioned shoes, both barefoot (socked) running and minimalist running shoes produce greater running efficiency in some experienced runners, with a greater tendency toward a midfoot or forefoot strike and a shorter ground contact time. Expand
Rocker shoe, minimalist shoe, and standard running shoe: a comparison of running economy.
TLDR
Female runners, who are not experienced in running with the rocker shoes and minimalist shoes, show more energy expenditure during running with a rocker shoe compared with the standard and minimalist running shoes. Expand
Comparison of in-shoe plantar loading forces between minimalist and maximalist cushion running shoes
While several published studies have evaluated the biomechanical responses to minimalist (MIN) footwear, little has been reported on maximalist (MAX) shoes. The purpose of this study was to compareExpand
Kinematic and kinetic comparison of running in standard and minimalist shoes.
  • R. Willy, I. Davis
  • Computer Science, Medicine
  • Medicine and science in sports and exercise
  • 2014
TLDR
Running in a minimalist shoe appears to increase loading of the lower extremity over standard shoe running, bringing into question whether minimal shoes will provide enough feedback to induce an alteration that is similar to barefoot running. Expand
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