Effects of flunarizine on ocular motor and postural compensation following peripheral vestibular deafferentation in the guinea pig.

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine if the calcium channel antagonist flunarizine would affect the time course of vestibular compensation for unilateral labyrinthectomy (UL) in guinea pigs. Animals received either a single IP injection of flunarizine 1 h pre-UL or a series of IP injections every 6 h for 24 h post-UL, starting at 6 h post-UL. Flunarizine was dissolved in 50-100% DMSO or suspended in 10% Tween-80 and administered at a dose of 10 mg/kg in the pre-UL condition and 10 or 20 mg/kg in the post-UL condition. All injections were 1 ml/kg in volume. Spontaneous nystagmus (SN), yaw head tilt (YHT), and roll head tilt (RHT) were measured using video analysis. When dissolved in DMSO and administered 1 h pre-UL, 10 mg/kg flunarizine had a small but significant effect on the rate of RHT compensation; otherwise, flunarizine had no significant effects on SN, YHT, or RHT when dissolved in DMSO. When suspended in Tween-80, 10 mg/kg flunarizine pre-UL resulted in a significant decrease in SN frequency and YHT relative to the control group, although the magnitude of the differences was small. When 20 mg/kg was given post-UL, both SN and YHT showed a small but significant change in the rate of compensation. No significant differences in RHT were observed. These results demonstrate that IP administration of flunarizine at a dose of 10-20 mg/kg IP has little effect on vestibular compensation compared to the effects obtained with low IM doses (0.8 mg/kg) of verapamil given 1 h pre-UL.

Cite this paper

@article{Gilchrist1993EffectsOF, title={Effects of flunarizine on ocular motor and postural compensation following peripheral vestibular deafferentation in the guinea pig.}, author={Darrin P. D. Gilchrist and Cynthia L. Darlington and Paul Farquhar - Smith}, journal={Pharmacology, biochemistry, and behavior}, year={1993}, volume={44 1}, pages={99-105} }