Effects of first and second trimester vaginal bleeding on pregnancy outcome.

@article{Karim1998EffectsOF,
  title={Effects of first and second trimester vaginal bleeding on pregnancy outcome.},
  author={Saadiya Aziz Karim and I Bakhtawar and Anju Butta and Majid Jalil},
  journal={JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association},
  year={1998},
  volume={48 2},
  pages={40-2}
}
The effects of vaginal bleeding during first and second trimester on pregnancy outcomes was assessed in a hospital-based population of 268 non-diabetic women. The group of non-bleeders comprised 173 females whereas, there were 71 females with first and 24 with second trimester bleeding. Fetal loss (abortion) occurred in 34% of first trimester and 25% of second trimester bleeders. Low birth weight and preterm delivery were significantly associated with second trimester haemorrhage. The results… CONTINUE READING

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Vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy and preterm birth: systemic review and analysis of heterogeneity.

The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians • 2011
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