Effects of fetal genotype and uterine environment on placental development in equids.


Measurement of the concentrations of equine chorionic gonadotrophin (eCG) in the serum of pregnant mares and Jenny donkeys carrying normal intraspecies and hybrid interspecies pregnancies suggested that the production of this hormone may be influenced by parental gene imprinting. Specifically, a differential expression of maternal and paternal genes may control the size and secretory activity of the structures that secrete eCG, the fetal endometrial cups. However, bisection of an interspecies mule embryo followed by transfer of the resulting demi-embryos and other intact mule embryos to horse and donkey recipients resulted in striking differences in the size, secretory activity and lifespan of the endometrial cups in two types of surrogate mother. This finding has therefore demonstrated the ability of uterine factors to alter profoundly the development and characteristic phenotype of the specialized invasive chorionic girdle portion of the equine trophoblast that gives rise to the endometrial cups.


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@article{Allen1993EffectsOF, title={Effects of fetal genotype and uterine environment on placental development in equids.}, author={W R Allen and Julian A. Skidmore and Francesca Stewart and Douglas F Antczak}, journal={Journal of reproduction and fertility}, year={1993}, volume={98 1}, pages={55-60} }