Effects of eyelid closure, blinks, and eye movements on the electroencephalogram

  title={Effects of eyelid closure, blinks, and eye movements on the electroencephalogram},
  author={Masaki Iwasaki and Christoph Kellinghaus and Andreas V. Alexopoulos and Richard C. Burgess and Arun N. Kumar and Yanning H. Han and Hans L{\"u}ders and R. John Leigh},
  journal={Clinical Neurophysiology},
Cerebral Functional Response during Eyelid Opening/Closing with Bell's Phenomenon and Volitional Vertical Eye Movements in Humans.
Investigation of the brain regions relevant to Bell's phenomenon and volitional eye movement using [15O] H2O and positron emission tomography revealed a relative increase in rCBF in the frontal eye field, and activation in the FEF mainly occurs during volitionalEye movement.
Correlates of eye blinking as determined by synthetic aperture magnetometry
The influence of eyeball rotation on the results of auditory steady-state responses.
Rolling the eyes to the side does not improve the detection of response, as the observed increase in noise amplitude is much higher than the increase in the amplitude of the electrophysiological response.
Validating and improving the correction of ocular artifacts in electro-encephalography
In this thesis, modeling of EEG and artifact is used to validate correction methods based on simulated data and it is concluded that using a camera during EEG recordings provides valuable extra information that can be used in the process of ocular artifact correction.
Automatic Removal of Eye-Movement and Blink Artifacts from EEG Signals
A robust method to automatically eliminate eye-movement and eye-blink artifacts from EEG signals with little distortion of the underlying brain signals is presented.
EEG and Eye-Tracking Integration for Ocular Artefact Correction
This paper proposes a novel technique to remove eye-related artefacts from the EEG recordings by performing simultaneous eye tracking with any EEG recording to enable simple, but targeted, automatic artefact removal that preserves more of the original signal.
Supervised EEG Ocular Artefact Correction Through Eye-Tracking
This paper coupled Eye Tracking with EEG allowing us to independently measure when ocular artefact events occur through the eye tracker and thus clean them up in a targeted “supervised” manner instead of using a “blind” artefact clean up correction technique.


Human eye movements associated with blinks and prolonged eyelid closure.
It is concluded that elevation of the eye ball (Bell's phenomenon) does not occur during short blinks and only in about half of the subjects during voluntary unrestrained prolonged lid closure, and the possibility that the transient eye movements during blinks are caused primarily by a mechanical interaction between the lids and the eye is supported.
Upper eyelid movements measured with a search coil during blinks and vertical saccades.
In general, lid movements were faster than those reported previously in the literature, but there was considerable intersubject variability, which suggests caution when using normative data to interpret abnormal lid motion for clinical purposes.
Eyelid movements. Mechanisms and normal data.
The authors found that the basic eyelid movements, blinks, and saccadic lid movements, can be uniquely and reliably characterized by their amplitude-maximum velocity relationships.
Lid-eye coordination during vertical gaze changes in man and monkey.
There was a close correspondence between the metrics of the lid movement and those of the concomitant eye movement during vertical fixation, smooth pursuit, and saccades in both man and monkey.
Eyelid movements in health and disease. The supranuclear impairment of the palpebral motility
Discharge patterns of levator palpebrae superioris motoneurons during vertical lid and eye movements in the monkey.
Single-unit activity in the caudal central nucleus of the oculomotor complex in monkeys trained to make vertical saccadic, smooth-pursuit, and fixation eye movements suggests that levator and superior rectus motoneurons receive input signals that originate from a common source, but that the signals are processed differently to deal with the different loads facing these muscles.
Electrical phenomena associated with movements of the eyelid.
Dynamic properties of horizontal and vertical eye movements in parkinsonian syndromes
In parkinsonian syndromes apart from PSP, the saccade‐generating brainstem burst neurons are probably spared, but the signals that they receive, specifying the size and direction of saccades, are flawed, and measurements of the gain and trajectory of oblique saccading, and initiation of smooth pursuit, may aid in diagnosing these different types of parkinsonism.