Effects of extracellular pH and hypoxia on the function and development of antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes.

The major effector cells for cellular adaptive immunity are CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), which can recognize and kill virus-infected cells and tumor cells. Although CTLs exhibit strong cytolytic activity against target cells in vitro, a number of studies have demonstrated that their function is often impaired within tumors. Nevertheless, CTLs can… CONTINUE READING