Effects of external beam irradiation on the TRAM flap: an experimental model.


The rat model of the transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous (TRAM) flap was used in the present study to determine the effects of external beam radiation on myocutaneous flap histology and pathophysiology. A total of 57 adult Sprague-Dawley rats underwent a TRAM procedure. A pilot study with 17 animals was first performed to determine proper radiation… (More)


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