Effects of exposure to clothianidin on the reproductive system of male quails.

  title={Effects of exposure to clothianidin on the reproductive system of male quails.},
  author={Junko Tokumoto and Megumi Danjo and Yoshihiro Kobayashi and Kyoko Kinoshita and Takuya Omotehara and Atsutoshi Tatsumi and Mineo Hashiguchi and Tsuneo Sekijima and Hiroshi Kamisoyama and Toshifumi Yokoyama and Hiroshi Kitagawa and Nobuhiko Hoshi},
  journal={The Journal of veterinary medical science},
  volume={75 6},
Clothianidin (CTD) is a neonicotinoid developed in the 1990s as an insecticide having selective toxicity, but it was later found to cause reproductive abnormalities in rats through oxidative stress. There is an attempt to preserve endangered animals, including the Japanese crested ibis, in Japan. However, there is a concern that neonicotinoid affects the reproduction of this bird, since it is used in its habitat. CTD toxicity in the birds is poorly understood, so we investigated whether or not… CONTINUE READING
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