Effects of exercise and physical activity on depression

@article{Dinas2011EffectsOE,
  title={Effects of exercise and physical activity on depression},
  author={Petros C. Dinas and Yiannis Koutedakis and Andreas D. Flouris},
  journal={Irish Journal of Medical Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={180},
  pages={319-325}
}
IntroductionDepression is a very prevalent mental disorder affecting 340 million people globally and is projected to become the leading cause of disability and the second leading contributor to the global burden of disease by the year 2020.AimIn this paper, we review the evidence published to date in order to determine whether exercise and physical activity can be used as therapeutic means for acute and chronic depression. Topics covered include the definition, classification criteria and… 
Exercise and Physical Activity in Mental Disorders: Clinical and Experimental Evidence
TLDR
Preliminary evidence suggests that PA/EX can induce improvements in physical, subjective and disorder-specific clinical outcomes, as well as implications for psychiatric research and practice.
Physical Exercise for Treatment of Mood Disorders: A Critical Review
TLDR
It is found that exercise impacts both the physical health parameters of mood disorders as well as mental health outcomes, and there are multiple candidate biomarkers for exercise, with brain-derived neurotrophic factor and oxidative stress as two main promising components of exercise's anti-depressant effect.
Physical Activity and Mental Health
TLDR
Current evidence supports the conclusion that regular participation in moderate physical activity, consistent with current public health guidelines, gives mental health benefits.
Effectiveness of Physical Exercise in Older Adults With Mild to Moderate Depression
TLDR
Although improvement was initially similar in both treatment groups, AT was superior in the medium term, despite giving rise to a greater number of adverse effects.
Effectiveness of physical exercise in the treatment of depression in older adults as an alternative to antidepressant drugs in primary care
TLDR
The non-inferiority of supervised physical exercise to antidepressant drug treatment, in terms of reducing depressive symptoms among patients presenting with clinical criteria of a depressive episode (ICD-10), is ascertained across a follow-up period of 6 months.
Effectiveness of physical exercise in the treatment of depression in older adults as an alternative to antidepressant drugs in primary care.
TLDR
The non-inferiority of supervised physical exercise to antidepressant drug treatment, in terms of reducing depressive symptoms among patients presenting with clinical criteria of a depressive episode (ICD-10), across a follow-up period of 6 months is ascertained.
A Systematic Review of Physical Activity Interventions in Individuals with Binge Eating Disorders
TLDR
This systematic review provides additional knowledge concerning the benefits of PA in the treatment of individuals with BED including reduction of binge eating episodes and improvement in other associated comorbidities.
The Association between Physical Activity and Selected Parameters of Psychological Status and Dementia in Older Women
TLDR
The results show that about 5000 steps a day is enough to see a positive effect on the mental health and cognitive functioning of this group of the elderly population, and can be recommended for all seniors who do not have other serious comorbidities that would prevent them from playing sports.
The Effects of a Multidimensional Exercise Program on Health Behavior and Biopsychological Factors in Mexican Older Adults
TLDR
Investigation of the effects of participation in a 12-week multidimensional exercise program on health behavior and biopsychological factors of older adults living in Northeastern Mexico indicated that the exercise intervention contributed to significant improvements in the older adults’ health-related variables when contrasted with the control group.
Reducing the impact of physical inactivity: evidence to support the case for targeting people with chronic mental and physical conditions.
TLDR
Targeting people with chronic mental and physical conditions has the potential to reduce the impact of physical inactivity.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 59 REFERENCES
Improving physical quality of life with group physical activity in the adjunctive treatment of major depressive disorder
  • M. Carta, M. Hardoy, M. Salvi
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Clinical practice and epidemiology in mental health : CP & EMH
  • 2008
TLDR
The data presented in the previous paper found that physical activity seems a good adjunctive treatment in the long term management of patients with MDD, and new data indicated that physical activities may also improve the perceived physical quality of life.
Physical activity, exercise coping, and depression in a 10-year cohort study of depressed patients.
Exercise and Pharmacotherapy in the Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder
TLDR
The efficacy of exercise in patients seems generally comparable with patients receiving antidepressant medication and both tend to be better than the placebo in patients with MDD.
Exercise in prevention and treatment of anxiety and depression among children and young people.
TLDR
There appears to be a small effect in favour of exercise in reducing depression and anxiety scores in the general population of children and adolescents, but the small number of studies included and the clinical diversity of participants, interventions and methods of measurement limit the ability to draw conclusions.
Changes in intensity of physical exercise as predictors of depressive symptoms among older adults: an eight-year follow-up.
TLDR
Age-related decrease in the intensity of physical exercise increases the risk of depressive symptoms among older adults, and calls for effective measures in maintaining and supporting an adequate level of physical Exercise among the aging population.
The effect of exercise on depressive symptoms in the moderately depressed elderly.
TLDR
It is indicated that, at least in the short term, exercise has a broader effect compared with control conditions in reducing depressive symptoms in the moderately depressed elderly.
Antidepressant effects associated with different exercise conditions in participants with depression: a pilot study.
TLDR
Examination of the antidepressant influence of an 8-week-long aerobic exercise intervention in which two training parameters were manipulated showed lower depression scores than those in the low-frequency (control) group at 4 weeks and 8 weeks, but alleviation in depressive symptoms was not found to be greater in those participants who received a group-based intervention.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...