Effects of ethnicity on skeletal maturation: consequences for forensic age estimations

  title={Effects of ethnicity on skeletal maturation: consequences for forensic age estimations},
  author={Andreas Schmeling and Walter Reisinger and David J. Loreck and Klaus Vendura and Wohlschl{\"a}ger Markus and Gunther Geserick},
  journal={International Journal of Legal Medicine},
An X-ray of the hand is an important method in forensic science for estimation of the age of juvenile suspects with uncertain date of birth. Relevant X-ray standards for evaluation of skeletal maturity are available for white US Americans as well as for North and Central Europeans. The applicability of these standards to members of ethnic groups different from the reference population has been the subject of controversial discussion. More than 80 publications were analysed with the view to… CONTINUE READING
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