Effects of environmental temperature on the susceptibility of Xenopus laevis and X. wittei (Anura) to Protopolystoma xenopodis (Monogenea)

Abstract

Immune responses in ectothermic vertebrates and the life-processes of their parasites are profoundly linked to ambient temperature, but the functional effect of thermal environment on infectivity and host-specificity in helminths from ectotherms is poorly known. Primary infection establishment of Protopolystoma xenopodis (Monogenea) in compatible hosts… (More)
DOI: 10.1007/s00436-002-0629-0

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