Effects of dung and seed size on secondary dispersal, seed predation, and seedling establishment of rain forest trees

@article{Andresen2003EffectsOD,
  title={Effects of dung and seed size on secondary dispersal, seed predation, and seedling establishment of rain forest trees},
  author={Ellen Andresen and Douglas J. Levey},
  journal={Oecologia},
  year={2003},
  volume={139},
  pages={45-54}
}
Seeds dispersed by tropical, arboreal mammals are usually deposited singly and without dung or in clumps of fecal material. After dispersal through defecation by mammals, most seeds are secondarily dispersed by dung beetles or consumed by rodents. These post-dispersal, plant-animal interactions are likely to interact themselves, as seeds buried by dung beetles are less likely to be found by rodents than unburied seeds. In a series of three experiments with seeds of 15 species in central… Expand
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