Effects of distraction on pain, fear, and distress during venous port access and venipuncture in children and adolescents with cancer.

@article{WindichBiermeier2007EffectsOD,
  title={Effects of distraction on pain, fear, and distress during venous port access and venipuncture in children and adolescents with cancer.},
  author={Andrea Windich-Biermeier and Isabelle Sjoberg and Juanita Conkin Dale and Debra Eshelman and Cathie E Guzzetta},
  journal={Journal of pediatric oncology nursing : official journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses},
  year={2007},
  volume={24 1},
  pages={8-19}
}
This study evaluates the effect of self-selected distracters (ie, bubbles, I Spy: Super Challenger book, music table, virtual reality glasses, or handheld video games) on pain, fear, and distress in 50 children and adolescents with cancer, ages 5 to 18, with port access or venipuncture. Using an intervention-comparison group design, participants were randomized to the comparison group (n = 28) to receive standard care or intervention group (n = 22) to receive distraction plus standard care. All… CONTINUE READING

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