Effects of distraction on children's pain and distress during medical procedures: a meta-analysis.

@article{Kleiber1999EffectsOD,
  title={Effects of distraction on children's pain and distress during medical procedures: a meta-analysis.},
  author={Charmaine Kleiber and Dennis C. Harper},
  journal={Nursing research},
  year={1999},
  volume={48 1},
  pages={
          44-9
        }
}
BACKGROUND It is difficult to determine the usefulness of distraction to decrease children's distress behavior and pain during medical procedures because many studies use very small samples and report inconsistent findings. OBJECTIVES To investigate the mean effect sizes across studies for the effects of distraction on young children's distress behavior and self-reported pain during medical procedures. METHOD Hunter and Schmidt's (1990) procedures were used to analyze 16 studies (total n… CONTINUE READING
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Effects of distraction on children ' s pain and distress during medical procedures : a meta - analysis

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