Effects of digenean larval infection on metallic ions of the shells and soft parts of their intermediate host snail Lanistes carinatus.


Concentrations of nine metallic ions (Fe, Cu, Zn, Na, Mg, K, Pb, Mn & Ca) in the shells and digestive gland gonad complex (DGG) of Lanistes carinatus, naturally infected with two digenean larvae (Gymnocephalus and ocellate xiphideocercariae) were quantitatively analyzed using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). All individuals were collected from… (More)


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