Dentin bonding-variables related to the clinical situation and the substrate treatment.
- Jorge Perdigão
- Dental materials : official publication of the…
PURPOSE For contemporary hydrophilic resin adhesive systems, bonding to dentin is improved if the substrate is maintained in a hydrated state following acid-etching. The purpose of this study was to compare the dentin shear bond strengths of two single-bottle adhesives (one acetone-based and one ethanol-based) applied under different etched-dentin conditions: dry, wet, or dry and re-wetted with different solutions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Bovine incisors (N = 120) were mounted in acrylic, polished to 600-grit, and randomly assigned to 12 groups (n = 10). Dentin was etched for 15 seconds using 35% phosphoric acid, rinsed, and either blot-dried, air-dried, or air-dried and re-wetted with different solutions (distilled water, Gluma Desensitizer, Aqua-Prep, and 5% glutaraldehyde in water). Two adhesives (Single Bond and Prime & Bond NT) were applied to each of the surface conditions following manufacturers' instructions. After adhesive application and curing, composite was applied in a No. 5 gelatin capsule and light-cured. Specimens were loaded in shear, using an Instron at 5 mm per minute. Shear bond strengths were calculated by dividing the failure load by the bonded surface area. Data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and a post hoc Tukey test. RESULTS Mean shear bond strengths ranged from 12.5 to 26.6 MPa for Single Bond and from 5.6 to 14.7 MPa for Prime & Bond NT. Significant differences were found in both groups of materials (p < .001). The three highest mean bond strengths were obtained (in order) on dentin that was re-wetted with Gluma Desensitizer, re-wetted with Aqua-Prep, or never dried. Differences between these surface conditions were not statistically significant for either material.